The title "Don't Make Me Over" is taken from a Dionne Warwick song, written by Burt Bacharach and Hal David.
When Peter, Cleveland, Quagmire and Joe are going to perform in the Quahog prison, Peter yells: "Hello Cleveland!!" This is a reference to the mock music documentary called This is Spinal Tap.
The outfits and singing style of “Meg,” a Griffin “family band,” are similar to those of The Brady Bunch Variety Hour and The Partridge Family.
As Stewie rides on Brian’s back, he quotes Yoda from Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back, saying “Strong with the force young Skywalker is.” When Brian complains “I don’t believe this,” Stewie says “That is why you fail,” like Yoda.
On a dare from Brian, Stewie runs naked through the mall, screaming, “Help! I’ve escaped from Kevin Spacey’s basement!,” a reference to tabloid questions regarding the actor’s sexuality.
A cutaway shows Neil Armstrong faking the moon landing at a television studio called Stage 51, a reference to Area 51, a military base well known in conspiracy theory lore.
Also during the cutaway showing the fake moon landing, Neil Armstrong walks out of the studio, where he is approached by a fan, who questions why Armstrong is not on the moon. Armstrong stutters at various reasons as to why there is no moon landing, choosing instead to attack the fan with his helmet. This is a reference to when Buzz Aldrin attacked a skeptic who was insulting him about not being honest about the moon landing claims.
Bill Cosby appears before a commercial break as he did in his 1970's animated series Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids.
For their band Peter dresses like a member of Devo, Cleveland like a member of a funk band, Joe like a glam rocker, and Quagmire like Tommy Lee, drummer of Mötley Crüe.
Dr. Diddy’s name is a cross between Dr. Dre and Sean Combs' Diddy, two hip hop music performers and producers.
When Lois worries that Meg might develop a "coke problem,” Peter replies “No Coke! Pepsi!” a catch phrase from the “Olympia Cafe” sketches of Saturday Night Live's late 1970s era.
During the “1980s fixing-stuff-up montage,” “One Foot in Front of the Other” by Bone Symphony is heard. It played during a montage on the 1984 film Revenge of the Nerds. The robot that sweeps the floor is also from that film.