Fiddler on the Roof is a musical with music by Jerry Bock, lyrics by Sheldon Harnick, and book by Joseph Stein, set in Tsarist Russia in 1905. It is based on Tevye and his Daughters by Sholem Aleichem. The story centers on Tevye, the father of five daughters, and his attempts to maintain his family and Jewish religious traditions while outside influences encroach upon their lives. He must cope with both the strong-willed actions of his three older daughters; each one's choice of husband moves further away from the customs of her faith—and with the edict of the Tsar that evicts the Jews from their village.

After leaving the Temple Beth Thupporting Actor in "When You Wish Upon a Weinstein", Peter recalls another Jewish musical moment when they went to see William Shatner star in Fiddler on the Roof at the Providence Performing Arts Center.

After using Quagmire and Joe for target practice while making them sing "Makin' Whoopee" at the Quahog Theater in "Lottery Fever", Mort Goldman appears onstage and announces he's there to audition for Fiddler on the Roof.